According to estimates of the International Institute of manganese, the average annual import volume of manganese metal in Russia from 2011 to 2013 amounted to 50 thousand tons. Moreover, 90% of imported manganese metal goes to the needs of 5 largest metallurgical holdings (MMK, NLMK, Severstal, Evraz Group and OMC). The remaining 10% is bought by the other players in the market of ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy.
Iron and steel sector remains one of the most profitable sectors of Russian industry, even in today’s difficult economic situation: despite the outflow of investment and international sanctions, experts note steady growth of production and manufacturing.
It is largely due to strong demand, as the demand in Europe and Asia in steel and alloys remains high, regardless of the situation in the international arena. After all, these products are needed in a variety of industries, including such continuing relevance as transport and food processing, and construction.
Steel production is a complex process. A particular reactant deoxidizer is required for smelting – it eliminates the undesirable impurities. Manganese best copes with this problem: it not only refines and deoxidize the alloy, but also inhibits the growth of metal crystals during heating, resulting in a high-grade fine-grained steel.
“Today, Russian steelmakers are forced to buy the metal manganese abroad – said Anatoly Grigoryev, chief engineer of the project of” Uralmekhanobr. ” – The work of all Russian steel consuming industries is fully dependent on imports of these products. Part of manganese concentrate and ferroalloys driven from far away: from Norway, Australia, Brazil and South Africa, which significantly affects the cost of the final product. Part of the purchase in the neighboring countries – Kazakhstan, Georgia and Ukraine. “
According to the analytical center of the Metal Expert, the leading supplier (40% of total imports) is the Ukrainian industrial and financial group of Igor Kolomoisky “Private”.
“It is obvious that in this situation, any supply disruption will have extremely negative consequences for the Russian metallurgical industry – emphasizes CFO of CHEK-SU Dmitry Ramzaitsev. – The situation is aggravated by the fact that in the case of the introduction of anti-Russian sanctions they can participate countries – suppliers of manganese products. “
That’s why the launch of the domestic production of manganese is designated as one of the priorities of the Strategy of development of ferrous metallurgy of Russia for 2014-2020. And the prospect of up to 2030 approved by the Ministry of Industry of Russia. It is worth noting that the decrease in the share of imports will not only provide economic independence, but will also create conditions for social stability and sustainable development of the national economy
About the development of the Usinsk deposit
Until now, in Russia there is no modern mining and processing mining and processing of manganese ore. This is due to the fact that the main deposits of manganese are located in remote areas, lacking the necessary infrastructure. Field development and production of manganese metal requires a comprehensive approach and a significant investment, but the end product plays an important role in the development of heavy industry.
The project now has assumed only one company – the company CHEK-SU. For the production of manganese ore and production of manganese metal which creates a large-scale mining and metallurgical complex on the basis of the Usinsk deposit in the Kemerovo region – Russia’s only commercially significant deposits of manganese ore in the medium term (55% of reserves). According to studies by independent international company IMC Montan, resources of the Usinsk deposit will last for more than 100 years, with the first 45 years of production which can be done in the open pit way. To implement the project CHEK-SU had to start the construction of the highway to the field (it is ready by 85%). Manganese ore will be processed at the GOK in the field, after which the resulting concentrate will leave the plant in the Republic of Khakassia.
Particular attention will be paid to environmental protection. Projects quarrying and construction of mining and processing plant received a positive Glavgosekspertizy approval. Public hearings were successfully conducted in the plant. The plant will operate under the scheme of circulating water supply, which will dispense any liquid effluent, and all air emissions up to the ventilation air from all the workshops will take place through a system of cleaning and disinfection.
“Despite the fact that the project has already passed the public hearing in the village Tuim, CHEK-SU also hold a public discussion of the project impact assessment on the environment in 2015 – emphasizes the director of the construction of the plant CHEK-SU Alexander Sysolyatin. – In 2016, after the development of the project documentation of the plant, it will pass state ecological expertise and Glavgosexpertiza of Russia. “
New mining and metallurgical complex will produce 80,000 tons per year. This will fully cover the need of Russian metallurgists in the metal manganese.